oldest town in texas

Top 10 Oldest Towns in Texas: A Journey Through History

Texas, known for its vast landscapes and rich history, is home to some of the oldest towns in the United States. These towns, steeped in cultural and historical significance, offer a glimpse into the early days of European settlement in America.

Here’s a look at the top 10 oldest towns in Texas, each with its unique story and legacy.

1. Nacogdoches (1716)

Nacogdoches (1716)
Nacogdoches (1716)

Nacogdoches often claims the title of the oldest town in Texas. European settlers first established a mission here in 1716. However, indigenous peoples had inhabited the area for thousands of years before Spanish missionaries arrived. Today, Nacogdoches is known for its rich history and vibrant cultural scene, making it a must-visit destination​.

2. San Augustine (1717)

San Augustine (1717)
San Augustine (1717)

Just a year after Nacogdoches, San Augustine was founded. This town played a crucial role in Texas’s early history, particularly during the Texas Revolution. Key historical sites include the Mission Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de los Ais and several well-preserved historic homes.

3. San Antonio (1718)

San Antonio (1718)
San Antonio (1718)

San Antonio is one of the most historic cities in Texas and the second most populous. Founded in 1718 with the establishment of the Alamo, San Antonio was a critical Spanish colonial outpost. Its missions, including the Alamo, are UNESCO World Heritage Sites​.

4. Ysleta (1680)

Ysleta (1680)
Ysleta (1680)

Although now a neighborhood within El Paso, Ysleta was established in 1680 and is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements in Texas. The Ysleta Mission, built by the Tigua tribe, stands as a testament to the town’s early history​​.

5. Goliad (1749)

Goliad (1749)
Goliad (1749)

Goliad is historically significant due to the Goliad Massacre during the Texas Revolution. Founded initially as Presidio La Bahia, the town features several historical sites, including the restored Presidio La Bahia fort and the Mission Espíritu Santo​.

6. Gonzales (1825)

Known as the birthplace of the Texas Revolution, Gonzales was founded in 1825. The town’s “Come and Take It” cannon is a symbol of Texan defiance and independence. Gonzales boasts numerous historical museums and landmarks​.

7. Laredo (1755)

Laredo, situated on the border with Mexico, was established in 1755. This city played a pivotal role in the Spanish colonization efforts and later in the history of the Republic of Texas. Its historic downtown and Spanish colonial architecture attract many visitors​.

8. Victoria (1824)

Victoria was founded by Martín De León in 1824 and named after the first President of Mexico, Guadalupe Victoria. The city is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical sites, including the Museum of the Coastal Bend, which showcases artifacts from the region’s early history​​.

9. Presidio (1683)

Presidio, located in West Texas, has been inhabited since 1500 B.C. and officially established in 1683. The town is famous for its dark skies, making it a perfect spot for stargazing, and its rich history of indigenous and Spanish settlement​.

10. Seguin (1838)

Founded in 1838 and named after Juan Seguín, a captain in the Texas army, Seguin is known for its historical significance and charming small-town feel. The town is home to the “world’s largest pecan” and numerous historical sites​.


Exploring these towns provides a unique window into Texas’s past, from Spanish colonial missions to pivotal sites of the Texas Revolution. Each town offers a blend of historical landmarks, cultural experiences, and stories that have shaped the Lone Star State. Whether you’re a history buff or just looking to explore, these towns are essential stops on any Texas journey.

Evie Carrick Evie Carrick

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